The name of this superfamily has been modified since the most recent official CATH+ release (v4_2_0). At the point of the last release, this superfamily was named:

"
Glutamine Phosphoribosylpyrophosphate, subunit 1, domain 1
".

Functional Families

Overview of the Structural Clusters (SC) and Functional Families within this CATH Superfamily. Clusters with a representative structure are represented by a filled circle.
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FunFam 15796: Proteasome subunit alpha type

Please note: GO annotations are assigned to the full protein sequence rather than individual protein domains. Since a given protein can contain multiple domains, it is possible that some of the annotations below come from additional domains that occur in the same protein, but have been classified elsewhere in CATH.

There are 18 GO terms relating to "molecular function"

The search results have been sorted with the annotations that are found most frequently at the top of the list. The results can be filtered by typing text into the search box at the top of the table.
GO Term Annotations Evidence
Protein binding GO:0005515
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with any protein or protein complex (a complex of two or more proteins that may include other nonprotein molecules).
22 O14818 (/IPI) O17586 (/IPI) O44156 (/IPI) O70435 (/IPI) P18053 (/IPI) P21242 (/IPI) P21243 (/IPI) P23638 (/IPI) P23639 (/IPI) P25786 (/IPI)
(12 more)
Endopeptidase activity GO:0004175
Catalysis of the hydrolysis of internal, alpha-peptide bonds in a polypeptide chain.
7 C6KST3 (/ISS) O77396 (/ISS) Q8IAR3 (/ISS) Q8IBI3 (/ISS) Q8IDG2 (/ISS) Q8IDG3 (/ISS) Q8IK90 (/ISS)
Endopeptidase activity GO:0004175
Catalysis of the hydrolysis of internal, alpha-peptide bonds in a polypeptide chain.
4 P25156 (/IDA) Q60177 (/IDA) Q9V2V5 (/IDA) Q9V2V6 (/IDA)
Structural constituent of ribosome GO:0003735
The action of a molecule that contributes to the structural integrity of the ribosome.
3 O81147 (/IDA) O81149 (/IDA) Q42134 (/IDA)
Identical protein binding GO:0042802
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an identical protein or proteins.
3 O14818 (/IPI) Q09583 (/IPI) Q27488 (/IPI)
RNA binding GO:0003723
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an RNA molecule or a portion thereof.
2 P60900 (/IDA) Q9QUM9 (/IDA)
Ribonuclease activity GO:0004540
Catalysis of the hydrolysis of phosphodiester bonds in chains of RNA.
2 O81149 (/IDA) Q42134 (/IDA)
Lipopolysaccharide binding GO:0001530
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with lipopolysaccharide.
1 Q9R1P4 (/IDA)
RNA binding GO:0003723
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an RNA molecule or a portion thereof.
1 Q9QUM9 (/ISO)
RNA binding GO:0003723
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an RNA molecule or a portion thereof.
1 P60901 (/ISS)
RNA binding GO:0003723
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an RNA molecule or a portion thereof.
1 P60900 (/NAS)
RNA binding GO:0003723
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an RNA molecule or a portion thereof.
1 P25786 (/TAS)
MRNA binding GO:0003729
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with messenger RNA (mRNA), an intermediate molecule between DNA and protein. mRNA includes UTR and coding sequences, but does not contain introns.
1 P21242 (/IDA)
Endopeptidase activity GO:0004175
Catalysis of the hydrolysis of internal, alpha-peptide bonds in a polypeptide chain.
1 P60900 (/NAS)
Purine ribonucleoside triphosphate binding GO:0035639
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with a purine ribonucleoside triphosphate, a compound consisting of a purine base linked to a ribose sugar esterified with triphosphate on the sugar.
1 P60900 (/NAS)
Identical protein binding GO:0042802
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with an identical protein or proteins.
1 Q9Z2U0 (/ISO)
NF-kappaB binding GO:0051059
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with NF-kappaB, a transcription factor for eukaryotic RNA polymerase II promoters.
1 P60900 (/IPI)
NF-kappaB binding GO:0051059
Interacting selectively and non-covalently with NF-kappaB, a transcription factor for eukaryotic RNA polymerase II promoters.
1 Q9QUM9 (/ISO)

There are 71 GO terms relating to "biological process"

The search results have been sorted with the annotations that are found most frequently at the top of the list. The results can be filtered by typing text into the search box at the top of the table.
GO Term Annotations Evidence
Ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process GO:0006511
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of a ubiquitin group, or multiple ubiquitin groups, to the protein.
9 C6KST3 (/ISS) O77396 (/ISS) Q27562 (/ISS) Q5AEB8 (/ISS) Q8IAR3 (/ISS) Q8IBI3 (/ISS) Q8IDG2 (/ISS) Q8IDG3 (/ISS) Q8IK90 (/ISS)
MAPK cascade GO:0000165
An intracellular protein kinase cascade containing at least a MAPK, a MAPKK and a MAP3K. The cascade can also contain two additional tiers: the upstream MAP4K and the downstream MAP Kinase-activated kinase (MAPKAPK). The kinases in each tier phosphorylate and activate the kinases in the downstream tier to transmit a signal within a cell.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Protein polyubiquitination GO:0000209
Addition of multiple ubiquitin groups to a protein, forming a ubiquitin chain.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Stimulatory C-type lectin receptor signaling pathway GO:0002223
Any series of molecular signals generated as a consequence of binding to a C-type lectin receptor capable of cellular activation.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Antigen processing and presentation of exogenous peptide antigen via MHC class I, TAP-dependent GO:0002479
The process in which an antigen-presenting cell expresses a peptide antigen of exogenous origin on its cell surface in association with an MHC class I protein complex following intracellular transport via a TAP (transporter associated with antigen processing) pathway. The peptide is typically a fragment of a larger exogenous protein which has been degraded within the cell and is dependent on TAP transport from the cytosol to ER for association with the MHC class I molecule. Class I here refers to classical class I molecules.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Regulation of cellular amino acid metabolic process GO:0006521
Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the chemical reactions and pathways involving amino acids.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Proteasomal ubiquitin-independent protein catabolic process GO:0010499
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds that is mediated by the proteasome but do not involve ubiquitin.
7 P21242 (/IDA) P21243 (/IDA) P23638 (/IDA) P23639 (/IDA) P32379 (/IDA) P40302 (/IDA) P40303 (/IDA)
Negative regulation of G2/M transition of mitotic cell cycle GO:0010972
Any cell cycle regulatory process that decreases the rate or extent of progression of a cell from G2 to M phase of the mitotic cell cycle.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Protein deubiquitination GO:0016579
The removal of one or more ubiquitin groups from a protein.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Anaphase-promoting complex-dependent catabolic process GO:0031145
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, with ubiquitin-protein ligation catalyzed by the anaphase-promoting complex, and mediated by the proteasome.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
SCF-dependent proteasomal ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process GO:0031146
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, with ubiquitin-protein ligation catalyzed by an SCF (Skp1/Cul1/F-box protein) complex, and mediated by the proteasome.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway GO:0033209
A series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of a tumor necrosis factor to a receptor on the surface of a cell, and ending with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
NIK/NF-kappaB signaling GO:0038061
The process in which a signal is passed on to downstream components within the cell through the NIK-dependent processing and activation of NF-KappaB. Begins with activation of the NF-KappaB-inducing kinase (NIK), which in turn phosphorylates and activates IkappaB kinase alpha (IKKalpha). IKKalpha phosphorylates the NF-Kappa B2 protein (p100) leading to p100 processing and release of an active NF-KappaB (p52).
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Fc-epsilon receptor signaling pathway GO:0038095
A series of molecular signals initiated by the binding of the Fc portion of immunoglobulin E (IgE) to an Fc-epsilon receptor on the surface of a signal-receiving cell, and ending with regulation of a downstream cellular process, e.g. transcription. The Fc portion of an immunoglobulin is its C-terminal constant region.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process GO:0043161
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, and mediated by the proteasome.
7 P21242 (/IDA) P21243 (/IDA) P23638 (/IDA) P23639 (/IDA) P32379 (/IDA) P40302 (/IDA) P40303 (/IDA)
Proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process GO:0043161
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, and mediated by the proteasome.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Regulation of mRNA stability GO:0043488
Any process that modulates the propensity of mRNA molecules to degradation. Includes processes that both stabilize and destabilize mRNAs.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Post-translational protein modification GO:0043687
The process of covalently altering one or more amino acids in a protein after the protein has been completely translated and released from the ribosome.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Positive regulation of mitotic metaphase/anaphase transition GO:0045842
Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of the cell cycle process in which a cell progresses from metaphase to anaphase during mitosis, triggered by the activation of the anaphase promoting complex by Cdc20/Sleepy homolog which results in the degradation of Securin.
7 O14250 (/IC) O59770 (/IC) O94517 (/IC) O94579 (/IC) Q09682 (/IC) Q10329 (/IC) Q9UT97 (/IC)
T cell receptor signaling pathway GO:0050852
A series of molecular signals initiated by the cross-linking of an antigen receptor on a T cell.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Positive regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in regulation of mitotic cell cycle transition GO:0051437
Any process that activates, maintains or increases the rate of ubiquitin ligase activity that contributes to the regulation of the mitotic cell cycle phase transition.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Transmembrane transport GO:0055085
The process in which a solute is transported across a lipid bilayer, from one side of a membrane to the other
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Wnt signaling pathway, planar cell polarity pathway GO:0060071
The series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a receptor on the surface of the target cell where activated receptors signal via downstream effectors including C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) to modulate cytoskeletal elements and control cell polarity.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter in response to hypoxia GO:0061418
Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of transcription from an RNA polymerase II promoter as a result of a hypoxia stimulus.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Negative regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway GO:0090090
Any process that decreases the rate, frequency, or extent of the Wnt signaling pathway through beta-catenin, the series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell, followed by propagation of the signal via beta-catenin, and ending with a change in transcription of target genes.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Positive regulation of canonical Wnt signaling pathway GO:0090263
Any process that increases the rate, frequency, or extent of the Wnt signaling pathway through beta-catenin, the series of molecular signals initiated by binding of a Wnt protein to a frizzled family receptor on the surface of the target cell, followed by propagation of the signal via beta-catenin, and ending with a change in transcription of target genes.
7 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS)
Proteolysis GO:0006508
The hydrolysis of proteins into smaller polypeptides and/or amino acids by cleavage of their peptide bonds.
6 P34119 (/IDA) P34120 (/IDA) Q27562 (/IDA) Q27563 (/IDA) Q54XM7 (/IDA) Q55G04 (/IDA)
Proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process GO:0043161
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, and mediated by the proteasome.
6 P12881 (/IC) P18053 (/IC) P22769 (/IC) Q95083 (/IC) Q9V5C6 (/IC) Q9XZJ4 (/IC)
Negative regulation of ubiquitin-protein ligase activity involved in mitotic cell cycle GO:0051436
Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of ubiquitin ligase activity that contributes to the mitotic cell cycle.
6 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS)
Cellular response to DNA damage stimulus GO:0006974
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a stimulus indicating damage to its DNA from environmental insults or errors during metabolism.
5 E1JGZ9 (/IMP) P22769 (/IMP) Q9V5C6 (/IMP) Q9VK14 (/IMP) Q9XZJ4 (/IMP)
Proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process GO:0043161
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, and mediated by the proteasome.
5 E1JGZ9 (/ISS) Q09682 (/ISS) Q24178 (/ISS) Q27575 (/ISS) Q9VA12 (/ISS)
Cellular response to interferon-gamma GO:0071346
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an interferon-gamma stimulus. Interferon gamma is the only member of the type II interferon found so far.
5 B5DGU3 (/IMP) B5DGU4 (/IMP) B5X619 (/IMP) B5XG08 (/IMP) B9EM93 (/IMP)
Proteasomal protein catabolic process GO:0010498
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds that is mediated by the proteasome.
4 P25156 (/IDA) Q60177 (/IDA) Q9V2V5 (/IDA) Q9V2V6 (/IDA)
Proteasome-mediated ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process GO:0043161
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, and mediated by the proteasome.
4 E1JGZ9 (/IMP) Q95083 (/IMP) Q9V5C6 (/IMP) Q9XZJ4 (/IMP)
Ribosome assembly GO:0042255
The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of the mature ribosome and of its subunits.
3 O81147 (/IC) O81149 (/IC) Q42134 (/IC)
Response to cadmium ion GO:0046686
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cadmium (Cd) ion stimulus.
3 O23715 (/IEP) O81148 (/IEP) O81149 (/IEP)
Protein metabolic process GO:0019538
The chemical reactions and pathways involving a specific protein, rather than of proteins in general. Includes protein modification.
2 D6XCY8 (/TAS) Q9NDA3 (/TAS)
Establishment of cell polarity GO:0030010
The specification and formation of anisotropic intracellular organization or cell growth patterns.
2 C8V668 (/IGI) Q5BCH3 (/IGI)
Positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity GO:0051092
Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of activity of the transcription factor NF-kappaB.
2 P60901 (/ISS) Q9QUM9 (/ISS)
Proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process GO:0051603
The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein as part of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by individual cells.
2 P60901 (/ISS) Q9QUM9 (/ISS)
Negative regulation of inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus GO:0002862
Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of an inflammatory response to an antigenic stimulus.
1 Q9R1P4 (/IMP)
Negative regulation of inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus GO:0002862
Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate, or extent of an inflammatory response to an antigenic stimulus.
1 Q9R1P4 (/TAS)
Ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process GO:0006511
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein or peptide by hydrolysis of its peptide bonds, initiated by the covalent attachment of a ubiquitin group, or multiple ubiquitin groups, to the protein.
1 O24616 (/TAS)
Spermatid nucleus elongation GO:0007290
The change in shape of the spermatid nucleus from a spherical structure to an elongated organelle, during the latter part of spermatid differentiation.
1 Q9VK14 (/IMP)
Sperm individualization GO:0007291
The resolution of the male germline syncytium or cyst into individual gametes by packaging each spermatid into its own plasma membrane.
1 Q9VK14 (/IMP)
Ventral furrow formation GO:0007370
Formation of a ventral indentation (furrow) from the blastoderm epithelium, which is internalized to form a tube in the interior of the embryo, marking the start of gastrulation.
1 P12881 (/IMP)
Skeletal muscle tissue development GO:0007519
The developmental sequence of events leading to the formation of adult skeletal muscle tissue. The main events are: the fusion of myoblasts to form myotubes that increase in size by further fusion to them of myoblasts, the formation of myofibrils within their cytoplasm and the establishment of functional neuromuscular junctions with motor neurons. At this stage they can be regarded as mature muscle fibers.
1 Q9QUM9 (/NAS)
Response to cold GO:0009409
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cold stimulus, a temperature stimulus below the optimal temperature for that organism.
1 O23715 (/IEP)
Response to zinc ion GO:0010043
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a zinc ion stimulus.
1 O81146 (/IEP)
Response to nickel cation GO:0010045
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nickel cation stimulus.
1 Q9FER4 (/IEP)
Response to nickel cation GO:0010045
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a nickel cation stimulus.
1 Q9FER4 (/IMP)
Regulation of glucose metabolic process GO:0010906
Any process that modulates the rate, frequency or extent of glucose metabolism. Glucose metabolic processes are the chemical reactions and pathways involving glucose, the aldohexose gluco-hexose.
1 E1JGZ9 (/IMP)
Protein catabolic process GO:0030163
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by the destruction of the native, active configuration, with or without the hydrolysis of peptide bonds.
1 P34066 (/ISS)
Ovarian follicle cell development GO:0030707
The process that occurs during oogenesis involving the ovarian follicle cells, somatic cells which surround the germ cells of an ovary. An example of this is found in Drosophila melanogaster.
1 Q9V5C6 (/IMP)
Response to cobalt ion GO:0032025
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cobalt ion stimulus.
1 Q9FER4 (/IMP)
Neutrophil degranulation GO:0043312
The regulated exocytosis of secretory granules containing preformed mediators such as proteases, lipases, and inflammatory mediators by a neutrophil.
1 P28066 (/TAS)
Negative regulation of innate immune response GO:0045824
Any process that stops, prevents, or reduces the frequency, rate or extent of the innate immune response.
1 Q9VK14 (/IMP)
Response to arsenic-containing substance GO:0046685
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of an arsenic stimulus from compounds containing arsenic, including arsenates, arsenites, and arsenides.
1 P34066 (/IMP)
Response to cadmium ion GO:0046686
Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cadmium (Cd) ion stimulus.
1 Q9FER4 (/IMP)
Regulation of inflammatory response GO:0050727
Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of the inflammatory response, the immediate defensive reaction (by vertebrate tissue) to infection or injury caused by chemical or physical agents.
1 P60900 (/IC)
Positive regulation of dendrite morphogenesis GO:0050775
Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of dendrite morphogenesis.
1 E1JGZ9 (/IMP)
Defense response to Gram-negative bacterium GO:0050829
Reactions triggered in response to the presence of a Gram-negative bacterium that act to protect the cell or organism.
1 C1BFT7 (/IDA)
Defense response to Gram-negative bacterium GO:0050829
Reactions triggered in response to the presence of a Gram-negative bacterium that act to protect the cell or organism.
1 Q9VK14 (/IMP)
Detection of temperature stimulus involved in sensory perception of pain GO:0050965
The series of events involved in the perception of pain in which a temperature stimulus is received and converted into a molecular signal.
1 E1JGZ9 (/IMP)
Positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity GO:0051092
Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of activity of the transcription factor NF-kappaB.
1 P60900 (/IMP)
Positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity GO:0051092
Any process that activates or increases the frequency, rate or extent of activity of the transcription factor NF-kappaB.
1 Q9QUM9 (/ISO)
Proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process GO:0051603
The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein as part of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by individual cells.
1 P60900 (/IMP)
Proteolysis involved in cellular protein catabolic process GO:0051603
The hydrolysis of a peptide bond or bonds within a protein as part of the chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the breakdown of a protein by individual cells.
1 Q9QUM9 (/ISO)
Regulation of endopeptidase activity GO:0052548
Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of endopeptidase activity, the endohydrolysis of peptide bonds within proteins.
1 P25788 (/IMP)
Regulation of endopeptidase activity GO:0052548
Any process that modulates the frequency, rate or extent of endopeptidase activity, the endohydrolysis of peptide bonds within proteins.
1 O70435 (/ISO)
Proteasome core complex assembly GO:0080129
The aggregation, arrangement and bonding together of a mature, active 20S proteasome core particle complex that does not contain any regulatory particles.
1 P23638 (/IMP)

There are 77 GO terms relating to "cellular component"

The search results have been sorted with the annotations that are found most frequently at the top of the list. The results can be filtered by typing text into the search box at the top of the table.
GO Term Annotations Evidence
Proteasome core complex GO:0005839
A multisubunit barrel shaped endoprotease complex, which is the core of the proteasome complex.
32 C6KST3 (/ISS) O13268 (/ISS) O14818 (/ISS) O42265 (/ISS) O77396 (/ISS) P18420 (/ISS) P18422 (/ISS) P21670 (/ISS) P25786 (/ISS) P25789 (/ISS)
(22 more)
Nucleus GO:0005634
A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
29 F5GX11 (/IDA) H0YKT8 (/IDA) H0YL69 (/IDA) H0YLC2 (/IDA) H0YMA1 (/IDA) H0YMZ1 (/IDA) O14250 (/IDA) O14818 (/IDA) O23715 (/IDA) O59770 (/IDA)
(19 more)
Cytosol GO:0005829
The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.
24 G3V5Z7 (/IDA) H0YKT8 (/IDA) H0YL69 (/IDA) H0YLC2 (/IDA) H0YMA1 (/IDA) H0YMZ1 (/IDA) O14250 (/IDA) O23712 (/IDA) O23715 (/IDA) O59770 (/IDA)
(14 more)
Proteasome complex GO:0000502
A large multisubunit complex which catalyzes protein degradation, found in eukaryotes, archaea and some bacteria. In eukaryotes, this complex consists of the barrel shaped proteasome core complex and one or two associated proteins or complexes that act in regulating entry into or exit from the core.
23 O14818 (/IDA) O23712 (/IDA) O23715 (/IDA) O24616 (/IDA) O81146 (/IDA) O81147 (/IDA) O81148 (/IDA) O81149 (/IDA) P12881 (/IDA) P18053 (/IDA)
(13 more)
Proteasome core complex GO:0005839
A multisubunit barrel shaped endoprotease complex, which is the core of the proteasome complex.
16 A0A1D8PQW1 (/IDA) A0A1D8PRH6 (/IDA) O70435 (/IDA) P18053 (/IDA) P22769 (/IDA) P25788 (/IDA) Q59PZ1 (/IDA) Q5AEB8 (/IDA) Q95083 (/IDA) Q9QUM9 (/IDA)
(6 more)
Cytosol GO:0005829
The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.
14 O14818 (/TAS) O70435 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS) Q8TAA3 (/TAS) Q9CWH6 (/TAS) Q9QUM9 (/TAS)
(4 more)
Proteasome core complex, alpha-subunit complex GO:0019773
The proteasome core subcomplex that constitutes the two outer rings of the proteasome core complex. An example of this component is found in Mus musculus.
13 P21242 (/IDA) P21243 (/IDA) P23638 (/IDA) P23639 (/IDA) P25156 (/IDA) P32379 (/IDA) P40302 (/IDA) P40303 (/IDA) P60900 (/IDA) Q10329 (/IDA)
(3 more)
Proteasome core complex, alpha-subunit complex GO:0019773
The proteasome core subcomplex that constitutes the two outer rings of the proteasome core complex. An example of this component is found in Mus musculus.
13 E1JGZ9 (/ISS) O24616 (/ISS) O94517 (/ISS) O94579 (/ISS) P60901 (/ISS) Q09682 (/ISS) Q24178 (/ISS) Q27562 (/ISS) Q27575 (/ISS) Q5AEB8 (/ISS)
(3 more)
Cytoplasm GO:0005737
All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
8 O81149 (/IDA) P12881 (/IDA) P18053 (/IDA) P34120 (/IDA) Q09583 (/IDA) Q10329 (/IDA) Q9QUM9 (/IDA) Q9VK14 (/IDA)
Extracellular exosome GO:0070062
A vesicle that is released into the extracellular region by fusion of the limiting endosomal membrane of a multivesicular body with the plasma membrane. Extracellular exosomes, also simply called exosomes, have a diameter of about 40-100 nm.
8 B5X9F8 (/IDA) O14818 (/IDA) P25786 (/IDA) P25788 (/IDA) P25789 (/IDA) P28066 (/IDA) P60900 (/IDA) Q8TAA3 (/IDA)
P-body GO:0000932
A focus in the cytoplasm where mRNAs may become inactivated by decapping or some other mechanism. Protein and RNA localized to these foci are involved in mRNA degradation, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), translational repression, and RNA-mediated gene silencing.
7 P21670 (/ISS) P25789 (/ISS) P60900 (/ISS) P60901 (/ISS) Q2YDE4 (/ISS) Q3ZCK9 (/ISS) Q4R932 (/ISS)
Nucleus GO:0005634
A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
7 P21242 (/IC) P21243 (/IC) P23638 (/IC) P23639 (/IC) P32379 (/IC) P40302 (/IC) Q09682 (/IC)
Nucleus GO:0005634
A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
7 O70435 (/ISO) Q9CWH6 (/ISO) Q9QUM9 (/ISO) Q9R1P0 (/ISO) Q9R1P4 (/ISO) Q9Z2U0 (/ISO) Q9Z2U1 (/ISO)
Extracellular exosome GO:0070062
A vesicle that is released into the extracellular region by fusion of the limiting endosomal membrane of a multivesicular body with the plasma membrane. Extracellular exosomes, also simply called exosomes, have a diameter of about 40-100 nm.
7 O70435 (/ISO) Q9CWH6 (/ISO) Q9QUM9 (/ISO) Q9R1P0 (/ISO) Q9R1P4 (/ISO) Q9Z2U0 (/ISO) Q9Z2U1 (/ISO)
Proteasome complex GO:0000502
A large multisubunit complex which catalyzes protein degradation, found in eukaryotes, archaea and some bacteria. In eukaryotes, this complex consists of the barrel shaped proteasome core complex and one or two associated proteins or complexes that act in regulating entry into or exit from the core.
6 O70435 (/ISO) Q9QUM9 (/ISO) Q9R1P0 (/ISO) Q9R1P4 (/ISO) Q9Z2U0 (/ISO) Q9Z2U1 (/ISO)
Nucleoplasm GO:0005654
That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
6 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS) P60900 (/TAS)
Proteasome storage granule GO:0034515
A multisubunit proteasome complex that localizes in the cytoplasm as dot-like structures when cells are in a quiescent state.
6 P21242 (/IDA) P23638 (/IDA) P23639 (/IDA) P32379 (/IDA) P40302 (/IDA) P40303 (/IDA)
Nuclear outer membrane-endoplasmic reticulum membrane network GO:0042175
The continuous network of membranes encompassing the nuclear outer membrane and the endoplasmic reticulum membrane.
6 P21242 (/IC) P21243 (/IC) P23638 (/IC) P23639 (/IC) P32379 (/IC) P40302 (/IC)
Intracellular membrane-bounded organelle GO:0043231
Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, bounded by a single or double lipid bilayer membrane and occurring within the cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, and vesicles. Excludes the plasma membrane.
6 H0YKT8 (/IDA) H0YL69 (/IDA) H0YLC2 (/IDA) H0YMA1 (/IDA) H0YMZ1 (/IDA) P25789 (/IDA)
Proteasome complex GO:0000502
A large multisubunit complex which catalyzes protein degradation, found in eukaryotes, archaea and some bacteria. In eukaryotes, this complex consists of the barrel shaped proteasome core complex and one or two associated proteins or complexes that act in regulating entry into or exit from the core.
5 O14818 (/TAS) P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS) P25789 (/TAS) P28066 (/TAS)
Nucleus GO:0005634
A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
5 P34119 (/IPI) Q27562 (/IPI) Q27563 (/IPI) Q54XM7 (/IPI) Q55G04 (/IPI)
Cytoplasm GO:0005737
All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
5 P21242 (/IC) P21243 (/IC) P23639 (/IC) P32379 (/IC) P40302 (/IC)
Cytoplasm GO:0005737
All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
5 P34119 (/IPI) Q27562 (/IPI) Q27563 (/IPI) Q54XM7 (/IPI) Q55G04 (/IPI)
Cytosolic ribosome GO:0022626
A ribosome located in the cytosol.
5 O81147 (/IDA) O81148 (/IDA) O81149 (/IDA) P30186 (/IDA) Q42134 (/IDA)
Nucleoplasm GO:0005654
That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
4 F5GX11 (/IDA) G3V5Z7 (/IDA) P25786 (/IDA) P60900 (/IDA)
Vacuole GO:0005773
A closed structure, found only in eukaryotic cells, that is completely surrounded by unit membrane and contains liquid material. Cells contain one or several vacuoles, that may have different functions from each other. Vacuoles have a diverse array of functions. They can act as a storage organelle for nutrients or waste products, as a degradative compartment, as a cost-effective way of increasing cell size, and as a homeostatic regulator controlling both turgor pressure and pH of the cytosol.
4 O23715 (/IDA) O24616 (/IDA) O81148 (/IDA) P30186 (/IDA)
Vacuolar membrane GO:0005774
The lipid bilayer surrounding the vacuole and separating its contents from the cytoplasm of the cell.
4 O23715 (/IDA) O81146 (/IDA) O81149 (/IDA) P30186 (/IDA)
Proteasome core complex, alpha-subunit complex GO:0019773
The proteasome core subcomplex that constitutes the two outer rings of the proteasome core complex. An example of this component is found in Mus musculus.
4 O14250 (/ISO) O59770 (/ISO) Q9QUM9 (/ISO) Q9UT97 (/ISO)
Proteasome core complex, alpha-subunit complex GO:0019773
The proteasome core subcomplex that constitutes the two outer rings of the proteasome core complex. An example of this component is found in Mus musculus.
4 P60900 (/TAS) Q9FER4 (/TAS) Q9LSU3 (/TAS) Q9XG77 (/TAS)
Nucleus GO:0005634
A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
3 Q9FER4 (/RCA) Q9LSU3 (/RCA) Q9XG77 (/RCA)
Plasma membrane GO:0005886
The membrane surrounding a cell that separates the cell from its external environment. It consists of a phospholipid bilayer and associated proteins.
3 O23712 (/IDA) O81149 (/IDA) P34066 (/IDA)
Polysomal ribosome GO:0042788
A ribosome bound to mRNA that forms part of a polysome.
3 O81147 (/IDA) O81149 (/IDA) Q42134 (/IDA)
P-body GO:0000932
A focus in the cytoplasm where mRNAs may become inactivated by decapping or some other mechanism. Protein and RNA localized to these foci are involved in mRNA degradation, nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD), translational repression, and RNA-mediated gene silencing.
2 Q9QUM9 (/IDA) Q9R1P0 (/IDA)
Male germ cell nucleus GO:0001673
The nucleus of a male germ cell, a reproductive cell in males.
2 Q9VA12 (/IDA) Q9VK14 (/IDA)
Extracellular region GO:0005576
The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
2 C8V668 (/IDA) Q5B0Q8 (/IDA)
Cell GO:0005623
The basic structural and functional unit of all organisms. Includes the plasma membrane and any external encapsulating structures such as the cell wall and cell envelope.
2 B5X9Q8 (/IDA) B9EM13 (/IDA)
Nucleus GO:0005634
A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
2 P25786 (/TAS) P25788 (/TAS)
Nucleoplasm GO:0005654
That part of the nuclear content other than the chromosomes or the nucleolus.
2 Q9QUM9 (/ISO) Q9R1P4 (/ISO)
Centrosome GO:0005813
A structure comprised of a core structure (in most organisms, a pair of centrioles) and peripheral material from which a microtubule-based structure, such as a spindle apparatus, is organized. Centrosomes occur close to the nucleus during interphase in many eukaryotic cells, though in animal cells it changes continually during the cell-division cycle.
2 F5GX11 (/IDA) P25786 (/IDA)
Cytosol GO:0005829
The part of the cytoplasm that does not contain organelles but which does contain other particulate matter, such as protein complexes.
2 Q9QUM9 (/ISO) Q9R1P0 (/ISO)
Polysome GO:0005844
A multiribosomal structure representing a linear array of ribosomes held together by messenger RNA. They represent the active complexes in cellular protein synthesis and are able to incorporate amino acids into polypeptides both in vivo and in vitro.
2 P60901 (/ISS) Q9QUM9 (/ISS)
Chloroplast GO:0009507
A chlorophyll-containing plastid with thylakoids organized into grana and frets, or stroma thylakoids, and embedded in a stroma.
2 O24616 (/IDA) P30186 (/IDA)
Nuclear matrix GO:0016363
The dense fibrillar network lying on the inner side of the nuclear membrane.
2 P60900 (/ISS) P60901 (/ISS)
Proteasome core complex, alpha-subunit complex GO:0019773
The proteasome core subcomplex that constitutes the two outer rings of the proteasome core complex. An example of this component is found in Mus musculus.
2 C8V668 (/ISA) Q5BCH3 (/ISA)
Myofibril GO:0030016
The contractile element of skeletal and cardiac muscle; a long, highly organized bundle of actin, myosin, and other proteins that contracts by a sliding filament mechanism.
2 P60900 (/ISS) Q9QUM9 (/ISS)
Sarcomere GO:0030017
The repeating unit of a myofibril in a muscle cell, composed of an array of overlapping thick and thin filaments between two adjacent Z discs.
2 P60900 (/ISS) Q9QUM9 (/ISS)
Spermatoproteasome complex GO:1990111
A proteasome specifically found in mammalian testis. Contains the proteasome activator PA200 in the regulatory particle, and beta1i, beta2i, beta5i and/or alpha4s in the core (20S) subunit. Beta1i, beta2i and beta5i are inducible catalytic subunits, closely related to beta1, beta2 and beta5. Alpha4s is a sperm-specific 20S subunit, but unlike other alternative 20S subunits alpha4s lies in the outer alpha-ring and lacks catalytic activity.
2 Q4R7D9 (/ISS) Q8TAA3 (/ISS)
Proteasome complex GO:0000502
A large multisubunit complex which catalyzes protein degradation, found in eukaryotes, archaea and some bacteria. In eukaryotes, this complex consists of the barrel shaped proteasome core complex and one or two associated proteins or complexes that act in regulating entry into or exit from the core.
1 P34066 (/ISS)
Extracellular region GO:0005576
The space external to the outermost structure of a cell. For cells without external protective or external encapsulating structures this refers to space outside of the plasma membrane. This term covers the host cell environment outside an intracellular parasite.
1 P28066 (/TAS)
Intracellular GO:0005622
The living contents of a cell; the matter contained within (but not including) the plasma membrane, usually taken to exclude large vacuoles and masses of secretory or ingested material. In eukaryotes it includes the nucleus and cytoplasm.
1 C8V668 (/IDA)
Nucleus GO:0005634
A membrane-bounded organelle of eukaryotic cells in which chromosomes are housed and replicated. In most cells, the nucleus contains all of the cell's chromosomes except the organellar chromosomes, and is the site of RNA synthesis and processing. In some species, or in specialized cell types, RNA metabolism or DNA replication may be absent.
1 P60901 (/ISS)
Cytoplasm GO:0005737
All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.
1 P25788 (/TAS)
Mitochondrion GO:0005739
A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
1 P40303 (/IDA)
Mitochondrion GO:0005739
A semiautonomous, self replicating organelle that occurs in varying numbers, shapes, and sizes in the cytoplasm of virtually all eukaryotic cells. It is notably the site of tissue respiration.
1 Q38B02 (/RCA)
Centrosome GO:0005813
A structure comprised of a core structure (in most organisms, a pair of centrioles) and peripheral material from which a microtubule-based structure, such as a spindle apparatus, is organized. Centrosomes occur close to the nucleus during interphase in many eukaryotic cells, though in animal cells it changes continually during the cell-division cycle.
1 Q9R1P4 (/ISO)
Spindle GO:0005819
The array of microtubules and associated molecules that forms between opposite poles of a eukaryotic cell during mitosis or meiosis and serves to move the duplicated chromosomes apart.
1 P30186 (/IDA)
Proteasome core complex GO:0005839
A multisubunit barrel shaped endoprotease complex, which is the core of the proteasome complex.
1 O70435 (/ISO)
Proteasome core complex GO:0005839
A multisubunit barrel shaped endoprotease complex, which is the core of the proteasome complex.
1 P60900 (/NAS)
Polysome GO:0005844
A multiribosomal structure representing a linear array of ribosomes held together by messenger RNA. They represent the active complexes in cellular protein synthesis and are able to incorporate amino acids into polypeptides both in vivo and in vitro.
1 P60900 (/IDA)
Polysome GO:0005844
A multiribosomal structure representing a linear array of ribosomes held together by messenger RNA. They represent the active complexes in cellular protein synthesis and are able to incorporate amino acids into polypeptides both in vivo and in vitro.
1 Q9QUM9 (/ISO)
Polysome GO:0005844
A multiribosomal structure representing a linear array of ribosomes held together by messenger RNA. They represent the active complexes in cellular protein synthesis and are able to incorporate amino acids into polypeptides both in vivo and in vitro.
1 P25786 (/TAS)
Plasmodesma GO:0009506
A fine cytoplasmic channel, found in all higher plants, that connects the cytoplasm of one cell to that of an adjacent cell.
1 O23712 (/IDA)
Phragmoplast GO:0009524
Fibrous structure (light microscope view) that arises between the daughter nuclei at telophase and within which the initial partition (cell plate), dividing the mother cell in two (cytokinesis), is formed. Appears at first as a spindle connected to the two nuclei, but later spreads laterally in the form of a ring. Consists of microtubules.
1 P30186 (/IDA)
Nuclear matrix GO:0016363
The dense fibrillar network lying on the inner side of the nuclear membrane.
1 Q9QUM9 (/IDA)
Myofibril GO:0030016
The contractile element of skeletal and cardiac muscle; a long, highly organized bundle of actin, myosin, and other proteins that contracts by a sliding filament mechanism.
1 P60901 (/IDA)
Sarcomere GO:0030017
The repeating unit of a myofibril in a muscle cell, composed of an array of overlapping thick and thin filaments between two adjacent Z discs.
1 P60901 (/IDA)
Nuclear periphery GO:0034399
The portion of the nuclear lumen proximal to the inner nuclear membrane.
1 Q10329 (/IDA)
Proteasome storage granule GO:0034515
A multisubunit proteasome complex that localizes in the cytoplasm as dot-like structures when cells are in a quiescent state.
1 P21243 (/IC)
Secretory granule lumen GO:0034774
The volume enclosed by the membrane of a secretory granule.
1 P28066 (/TAS)
Nuclear outer membrane-endoplasmic reticulum membrane network GO:0042175
The continuous network of membranes encompassing the nuclear outer membrane and the endoplasmic reticulum membrane.
1 P40303 (/IDA)
Intracellular membrane-bounded organelle GO:0043231
Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, bounded by a single or double lipid bilayer membrane and occurring within the cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, and vesicles. Excludes the plasma membrane.
1 Q9R1P0 (/ISO)
Synapse GO:0045202
The junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron, muscle fiber or glial cell. As the nerve fiber approaches the synapse it enlarges into a specialized structure, the presynaptic nerve ending, which contains mitochondria and synaptic vesicles. At the tip of the nerve ending is the presynaptic membrane; facing it, and separated from it by a minute cleft (the synaptic cleft) is a specialized area of membrane on the receiving cell, known as the postsynaptic membrane. In response to the arrival of nerve impulses, the presynaptic nerve ending secretes molecules of neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft. These diffuse across the cleft and transmit the signal to the postsynaptic membrane.
1 P18422 (/IDA)
Phagocytic vesicle GO:0045335
A membrane-bounded intracellular vesicle that arises from the ingestion of particulate material by phagocytosis.
1 Q27562 (/IDA)
Apoplast GO:0048046
The cell membranes and intracellular regions in a plant are connected through plasmodesmata, and plants may be described as having two major compartments: the living symplast and the non-living apoplast. The apoplast is external to the plasma membrane and includes cell walls, intercellular spaces and the lumen of dead structures such as xylem vessels. Water and solutes pass freely through it.
1 O23715 (/IDA)
Postsynapse GO:0098794
The part of a synapse that is part of the post-synaptic cell.
1 Q9Z2U0 (/IDA)
Ficolin-1-rich granule lumen GO:1904813
Any membrane-enclosed lumen that is part of a ficolin-1-rich granule.
1 P28066 (/TAS)
Spermatoproteasome complex GO:1990111
A proteasome specifically found in mammalian testis. Contains the proteasome activator PA200 in the regulatory particle, and beta1i, beta2i, beta5i and/or alpha4s in the core (20S) subunit. Beta1i, beta2i and beta5i are inducible catalytic subunits, closely related to beta1, beta2 and beta5. Alpha4s is a sperm-specific 20S subunit, but unlike other alternative 20S subunits alpha4s lies in the outer alpha-ring and lacks catalytic activity.
1 Q9CWH6 (/IDA)