The name of this superfamily has been modified since the most recent official CATH+ release (v4_2_0). At the point of the last release, this superfamily was named:

Aspartate/ornithine carbamoyltransferase

Functional Families

Overview of the Structural Clusters (SC) and Functional Families within this CATH Superfamily. Clusters with a representative structure are represented by a filled circle.
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FunFam 8170: Aspartate carbamoyltransferase catalytic subunit

There are 5 EC terms in this cluster

Please note: EC annotations are assigned to the full protein sequence rather than individual protein domains. Since a given protein can contain multiple domains, it is possible that some of the annotations below come from additional domains that occur in the same protein, but have been classified elsewhere in CATH.

Note: The search results have been sorted with the annotations that are found most frequently at the top of the list. The results can be filtered by typing text into the search box at the top of the table.

EC Term Annotations Evidence
Aspartate carbamoyltransferase. [EC:]
Carbamoyl phosphate + L-aspartate = phosphate + N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate.
    3185 A0A010PK05 A0A010PRQ0 A0A011AYB0 A0A011VRE1 A0A014PX28 A0A015NY80 A0A015R465 A0A015SIY7 A0A015T4E3 A0A015TJY8
    (3175 more...)
    Carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing). [EC:]
    2 ATP + L-glutamine + HCO(3)(-) + H(2)O = 2 ADP + phosphate + L-glutamate + carbamoyl phosphate.
    • The product carbamoyl phosphate is an intermediate in the biosynthesis of arginine and the pyrimidine nucleotides.
    • The enzyme from Escherichia coli has three separate active sites, which are connected by a molecular tunnel that is almost 100 A in length.
    • The amidotransferase domain within the small subunit of the enzyme hydrolyzes glutamine to ammonia via a thioester intermediate.
    • The ammonia migrates through the interior of the protein, where it reacts with carboxyphosphate to produce the carbamate intermediate.
    • The carboxyphosphate intermediate is formed by the phosphorylation of hydrogencarbonate by ATP at a site contained within the N-terminal half of the large subunit.
    • The carbamate intermediate is transported through the interior of the protein to a second site within the C-terminal half of the large subunit, where it is phosphorylated by another ATP to yield the final product, carbamoyl phosphate.
    • Cf. EC
    • Formerly EC
    22 A0A060T6W0 A0A084G227 A2QRW1 B0Y8H2 B2RQC6 B4L1V5 B4M2B0 B4MSD0 B9WMA6 M2XXT9
    (12 more...)
    Dihydroorotase. [EC:]
    (S)-dihydroorotate + H(2)O = N-carbamoyl-L-aspartate.
      11 B2RQC6 B7PNL6 E0V8W4 M2XXT9 P05990 P08955 P20054 P27708 Q18990 Q91437
      (1 more...)
      Carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (ammonia). [EC:]
      2 ATP + NH(3) + HCO(3)(-) = 2 ADP + phosphate + carbamoyl phosphate.
      • The enzyme catalyzes the first committed step in the urea cycle.
      • The reaction proceeds via three separate chemical reactions: phosphorylation of hydrogencarbonate to carboxyphosphate; a nucleophilic attack of ammonia on carboxyphosphate yielding carbamate; and the phosphorylation of carbamate forming carbamoyl phosphate.
      • Two moles of ATP are utilized for the synthesis of one molecule of carbamyl phosphate, making the reaction essentially irreversible.
      • The enzyme requires the allosteric activator N-acetyl-L-glutamate.
      • Cf. EC
      • Formerly EC
      6 A0A084G227 B7PNL6 B8MER4 E0V8W4 P05990 X2JFG0
      Beta-galactosidase. [EC:]
      Hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-D- galactosides.
      • Some enzymes in this group hydrolyze alpha-L-arabinosides; some animal enzymes also hydrolyze beta-D-fucosides and beta-D-glucosides (cf. EC
      1 G6CPP0