The name of this superfamily has been modified since the most recent official CATH+ release (v4_2_0). At the point of the last release, this superfamily was: waiting to be named.

Functional Families

Overview of the Structural Clusters (SC) and Functional Families within this CATH Superfamily. Clusters with a representative structure are represented by a filled circle.

Superfamily: Ribosomal protein S16

This superfamily entry represents the ribosomal protein S16 found in the small subunit (30S) of the ribosome, found in bacteria, plant chloroplasts and mitochondria. The gene for ribosomal protein S16 (rps16) is encoded in the chloroplast genome of most higher plants but not in Medicago truncatula and Populus alba. These 2 species have compensated for loss of the rps16 from the chloroplast genome by having a mitochondrial rps16 that can target the chloroplasts as well as mitochondria. RPS16 is essential for viability and plays an important role in the assembly of the 30S subunit.

Small subunit assembly mapping suggests that S16 binding is facilitated by prior assembly of S4, S20 and rRNA. S16 binding, in turn, facilitates binding of S5 and S12. S16 specifically interacts with rRNA, in particular with rRNA helix 21, due to its location in the narrow crevice of the 30S subunit, in close proximity to S4 and S20 proteins. In E. coli, extra-ribosomal DNAse functions have also been suggested PMID:9288907. The structured part of S16 consists of four antiparallel beta-strands, an alpha-helix, a parallel beta-strand and a second alpha-helix.

PFAM:PF00886, INTERPRO:IPR023803,PMID:10997906,PMID:18453549

GO Diversity

Unique GO annotations
37 Unique GO terms

EC Diversity

Unique EC annotations
6 Unique EC terms

Species Diversity

Unique species annotations
16027 Unique species

Sequence/Structure Diversity

Overview of the sequence / structure diversity of this superfamily compared to other superfamilies in CATH. Click on the chart to view the data in more detail.

Superfamily Summary

A general summary of information for this superfamily.
Structures
Domains: 330
Domain clusters (>95% seq id): 4
Domain clusters (>35% seq id): 4
Unique PDBs: 330
Alignments
Structural Clusters (5A): 1
Structural Clusters (9A): 1
FunFam Clusters: 4
Function
Unique EC: 6
Unique GO: 37
Taxonomy
Unique Species: 16027