CATH Classification

Domain Context

CATH Clusters

Functional Family Serine endoprotease

Enzyme Information
Peptidase Do.
based on mapping to UniProt P0AEE3
Acts on substrates that are at least partially unfolded. The cleavage site P1 residue is normally between a pair of hydrophobic residues, such as Val-|-Val.
-!- This serine endopeptidase is essential for the clearance of denatured or aggregated proteins from the inner-membrane and periplasmic space in Escherichia coli. -!- Natural substrates of the enzyme include colicin A lysis protein, pilin subunits and MalS from E.coli. -!- The enzyme has weak peptidase activity with casein and other non- native substrates. -!- The peptidase acts as a chaperone at low temperatures but switches to a peptidase (heat shock protein) at higher temperatures. -!- Molecular chaperones and peptidases control the folded state of proteins by recognizing hydrophobic stretches of polypeptide that become exposed by misfolding or unfolding. -!- They then bind these hydrophobic substrates to prevent aggregation or assist in protein refolding. -!- If attempts at refolding fail, then irreversibly damaged proteins are degraded by peptidases such as this enzyme. -!- Belongs to peptidase family S1B.
Serine endopeptidases.
based on mapping to UniProt P0AEE3

UniProtKB Entries (1)

Escherichia coli K-12
Serine endoprotease DegS

PDB Structure

External Links
Organism Escherichia
Primary Citation
Crystal structure of the DegS stress sensor: How a PDZ domain recognizes misfolded protein and activates a protease
Wilken, C., Kitzing, K., Kurzbauer, R., Ehrmann, M., Clausen, T.