The name of this superfamily has been modified since the most recent official CATH+ release (v4_2_0). At the point of the last release, this superfamily was named:

"
Glycogen Phosphorylase B;
".

Functional Families

Overview of the Structural Clusters (SC) and Functional Families within this CATH Superfamily. Clusters with a representative structure are represented by a filled circle.
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FunFam 97281: Alpha-1,4 glucan phosphorylase

There are 3 EC terms in this cluster

Please note: EC annotations are assigned to the full protein sequence rather than individual protein domains. Since a given protein can contain multiple domains, it is possible that some of the annotations below come from additional domains that occur in the same protein, but have been classified elsewhere in CATH.

Note: The search results have been sorted with the annotations that are found most frequently at the top of the list. The results can be filtered by typing text into the search box at the top of the table.

EC Term Annotations Evidence
Glycogen phosphorylase. [EC: 2.4.1.1]
((1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl)(n) + phosphate = ((1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl)(n-1) + alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate.
  • This entry covers several enzymes from different sources that act in vivo on different forms of (1->4)-alpha-D-glucans.
  • Some of these enzymes catalyze the first step in the degradation of large branched glycan polymers - the phosphorolytic cleavage of alpha-1,4-glucosidic bonds from the non-reducing ends of linear poly(1->4)-alpha-D-glucosyl chains within the polymers.
  • The enzyme stops when it reaches the fourth residue away from an alpha-1,6 branching point, leaving a highly branched core known as a limit dextrin.
  • The description (accepted name) of the enzyme should be modified for each specific instance by substituting 'glycogen' with the name of the natural substrate, e.g. maltodextrin phosphorylase, starch phosphorylase, etc.
18536 A0A010PLL1 A0A010PLL1 A0A010QAL6 A0A010QAL6 A0A010QCK6 A0A010QCK6 A0A010RRD8 A0A010RRD8 A0A010ZL68 A0A010ZL68
(18526 more...)
1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme. [EC: 2.4.1.18]
Transfers a segment of a (1->4)-alpha-D-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain.
  • Converts amylose into amylopectin.
  • The description (official name) requires a qualification depending on the product, glycogen or amylopectin, e.g. glycogen branching enzyme, amylopectin branching enzyme.
  • The latter has frequently been termed Q-enzyme.
2 A0A0G4QAJ9 A0A0G4QAJ9
Mitogen-activated protein kinase. [EC: 2.7.11.24]
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
  • Phosphorylation of specific tyrosine and threonine residues in the activation loop of this enzyme by EC 2.7.12.2 is necessary for enzyme activation.
  • Once activated, the enzyme phosphorylates target substrates on serine or threonine residues followed by a proline.
  • A distinguishing feature of all MAPKs is the conserved sequence Thr- Xaa-Tyr (TXY).
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal transduction pathways are among the most widespread mechanisms of cellular regulation.
  • Mammalian MAPK pathways can be recruited by a wide variety of stimuli including hormones (e.g. insulin and growth hormone), mitogens (e.g. epidermal growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor), vasoactive peptides (e.g. angiotensin-II and endothelin), inflammatory cytokines of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family and environmental stresses such as osmotic shock, ionizing radiation and ischemeic injury.
  • Formerly EC 2.7.1.37.
2 A0A0G4LLR9 A0A0G4LLR9